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The Proceedings of
The Ninth (2011) ISOPE
OCEAN MINING SYMPOSIUM

Maui, Hawaii, USA, June 19-24, 2011

2011

 

ISBN 978-1‑880653‑95-1

ISSN 1946-0066

Indexed by Engineering Index, Compendex and Others
www.isope.org
orders@isope.org

International Society of
Offshore and Polar Engineers

The Proceedings of
The Ninth (2011) ISOPE
OCEAN MINING (& GAS HYDRATES)
SYMPOSIUM

Maui, Hawaii, USA, June 19-24, 2011

2011

 

ISBN 978-1‑880653‑95-1

ISSN 1946-0066

Indexed by Engineering Index, Compendex and Others
www.isope.org
orders@isope.org

Deep-Ocean Minerals, Deep-Ocean Environment and Pipe Vibration,
Deep-Ocean Mining (Ship, Pipe, Buffer, Miner) Systems and
Technology, Mineral Processing
Gas Hydrates (Modeling, Geotechnical and Geochemical
Characteristics, Assessment)

Edited by:

Jin S. Chung, ISOPE, Cupertino, California, USA

Presented at:

The Ninth (2011) ISOPE Ocean Mining Symposium, Maui, Hawaii, USA, June 19-24, 2011

Organized by:

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers

Sponsored by:

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
with cooperating societies and associations

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
P.O. Box 189, Cupertino, California 95015-0189  USA

The Proceedings of
The Ninth (2011) ISOPE
OCEAN MINING SYMPOSIUM

Maui, Hawaii, USA, June 19-24, 2011

2011

 

DEEP-OCEAN MINERALS
DEEP-OCEAN ENVIRONMENT AND PIPE VIBRATION,
DEEP OCEAN MINING
Ship, Pipe, Buffer, and Miner Systems and Technology, Mineral Processing
GAS HYDRATES
Modeling, Geotechnical and Geochemical Characteristics, Assessment

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ISBN 978-1‑880653‑95-1

ISSN 1946-0066

Indexed by Engineering Index, Compendex and Others
www.isope.org
orders@isope.org

Edited by:

Jin S. Chung, ISOPE, Cupertino, California, USA

Presented at:

The Ninth (2011) ISOPE Ocean Mining Symposium, Maui, Hawaii, USA, June 19-24, 2011

Organized by:

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers

Sponsored by:

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
with cooperating societies and associations

The publisher and the editors of its publications assume no responsibility for the statements or opinions expressed in papers or presentations by the contributors to this conference or proceedings.

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
P.O. Box 189, Cupertino, California 95015-0189, USA

CONTENT

GAS HYDRATES

Gas Hydrates — Modeling

1Experimental and Modeling Study on Kinetics of Gas Hydrate Formation in Spray Tower

Qinglan Ma, Shixi Zhang and Guangjin Chen

7Effect of Clay Particle for Methane Hydrate Formation - Dissociation Behavior

Kawamura, T., Tetsu, T., Tsubaki, T., Hirabayashi S., Yamamoto, Y., Ogasawara, K . and Kiyono, F.

11Static and Dynamic Mechanical Behavior of Gas Hydrate Sediment

X B Lu, X H Zhang, S Y Wang and Q P Li

Gas Hydrates — Geotechnical and Geochemical Characteristics

15Application of Nonlinear Elastic Constitutive Model to Analysis of Artificial Methane-Hydrate-Bearing Sediment Sample

Kuniyuki Miyazaki, Kazuo Aoki, Norio Tenma, Yasuhide Sakamoto and Tsutomu Yamaguchi

21Entry Pressure Measurement of Unconsolidated Sediments, Sampled from Methane Hydrate-bearing Zones near NE-Nankai Trough, for Capillary Pressure Analysis

Kiyofumi Suzuki and Hideo Narita

27Geological and Geochemical Characteristics of Gas Hydrate in the Qilian Mountain Permafrost, Qinghai Province, China

Zhengquan Lu, Yongqin Zhang, Youhai Zhu, Huaijun Wen, Yonghong Li, Changling Liu and Pingkang Wang

34Numerical Simulation of the Responses of the Seabed on the Dissociation of Gas Hydrate

Li Qingping and Lu X.B.

Gas Hydrates – Assessment

39Natural Gas Hydrate Accumulation Simulation in Porous Media Using a Three-Dimensional Device

Ke-Hua Su, Chang-Yu Sun., Wei-Zhi Sun, Meng-Chang Cao, Xu-Qiang Guo, Guang-Jin Chen, Bi-Yu Cai and Han Wang

44Risk Assessment for CO2 Capture and Geological Storage in Offshore Environment

Takeshi Komai, Yasuhide Sakamoto and Atsuko Tanaka

49Characterization of Hydraulic Permeability and Pore-Size Distribution of Methane-Hydrate-Bearing Sediment Using Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Measurement

Hideki Minagawa, Kosuke Egawa, Yasuhide Sakamoto, Takeshi Komai, Norio Tenma and Hideo Narita

54Development of the Geo-mechanical Simulation Code 'COTHMA'

Masayo Kakumoto, Norio Tenma, Yasuhide Sakamoto, Kuniyuki Miyazakai and Kasuo Aoki

58Simulation of a Laboratory-scale Experiment for Flow Behavior of Supercritical CO2 in Porous Media

Y. Sakamoto, Y. Suzuki, A. Tanaka, N. Tenma, T. Komai and T. Yamaguchi

65Formation Efficiency of CO2 Hydrate under Low Temperature and Low Pressure by Ultrasonic Mist

Shinichiro Hirabayashi, Motoki Takeuchi, Atsushi Murata, Yoshitaka Yamamoto, Taro Kawamura, Yuichi Tsukada and Tomoya Tsuji

DEEP OCEAN MINING

Deep-Ocean Environment and Pipe Vibration

70Experimental Study on Vortex-Induced Vibration of a Long Flexible Pipe in Sheared Flows

Sup Hong, Jong-Su Choi, Hyung-Woo Kim, Tae-kyeong Yeu, Jin-Ha Kim, Young-Sik Kim, Seong-Gil Kang and Chang-Kyu Rheem

78Application of Shifted Excitation Raman Difference Spectroscopy (SERDS) for In-situ Investigations in the Deep Sea

Hossam Ahmad, Anna Kolomijeca, Kay Sowoidnich and Heinz-Detlef Kronfeldt

83A Trial of Ecological Risk Assessment for Development of Seafloor Massive Sulfides

Yasuharu Nakajima, Rei Arai, Naoki Nakatani, Tetsuo Yamazaki and Koji Otsuka

88Fate of Bacterial Mat in Anoxic Environment for Development of Prediction Model for Seafloor Environmental Assessment: Second Report

Yasuharu Nakajima, Joji Yamamoto, Masahito Ikemoto, Rei Arai, Naoki Nakatani, Tetsuo Yamazaki and Koji Otsuka

Mining Systems and Technology

92Dynamic Analysis and Path Tracking Control of Tracked Underwater Miner in Working Condition

Qingjue Han, Shaojun Liu, Yu Dai and Xiaozhou Hu

97Dynamic Analysis of an Articulated Tracked Vehicle on Undulating and Inclined Ground

Hyung-Woo Kim, Sup Hong, Chang-Ho Lee, Jongsu Choi, Tae-Kyeong Yeu and Sea-Moon Kim

104A Study on the Driving Performance of a Tracked Vehicle on an Inclined Plane According to the Position of Buoyancy

Chang-Ho Lee, Hyung-Woo Kim, Sup Hong and Sea-Moon Kim

110Qualification Tests on Underwater Mining System with Manganese Nodule Collection and Crushing Devices

S. Rajesh, A.A. Gnanaraj, A. Velmurugan, R. Ramesh, P. Muthuvel, M.K. Babu, N.R. Ramesh, C.R. Deepak and M.A. Atmanand

116Establishment of an Improved Dynamic Model of the Total Deep Ocean Mining System and Its Integrated Operation Simulation

Yu Dai, Shaojun Liu, Xiren Cao and Yan Li

124Study on Active Heave Compensation System of Deep-Sea Mining Based on Dynamic Vibration Absorber and Its Feedback Control

Liujun Li and Shaojun Liu

131Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation System and Its Visual Monitoring of Heave Compensation

Hao Zheng, Shaojun Liu and Ning Yang

137Model Test of Heave Compensation System of Deep-Ocean Mining

Qiong Hu, Shaojun Liu and Hao Zheng

143Dynamic Analysis of Seabed-Mining Machine-Flexible Hose Coupling in Deep Sea Mining

Zhi Wang, Qiuhua Rao and Shaojun Liu

149Shallow Lifting Test for the Development of Deep Ocean Mineral Resources in Korea

Chi Ho Yoon, Jong-Myung Park, Jung Seok Kang, YoungJu Kim, Yong Chan Park, Sam Gyu Park , Changryol Kim, Sang Soo Kang, Sang Bae Kim, Wan Tae Kim, Seok Ki Kwon, Byung Sik Ahn and Mun-Keun Ha

153Behavior of Single Particle and Group Particles in Vertical Lifting Pipe in China

Ning Yang, Guangguo Chen, Dasheng Tang, Xing Jin and Hong Xiao

158Flow Behavior of Coarse-Grained Slurries in Pipes

Pavel Vlasak, Zdenek Chara, Bohus Kysela and Jerzy Sobota

DEEP-OCEAN MINERALS

165Activities of the Interoceanmetal Joint Organization, Problems of the Application of the United Nations International Framework Classification for Reserves/Resources

Jozef Franzen

168Current Status of Manganese Nodule Exploration in the German License Area

Carsten Rühlemann, Thomas Kuhn, Michael Wiedicke, Sabine Kasten, Konstantin Mewes and Aude Picard

174Development of Methods and Equipment for the Exploration of Manganese Nodules in the German License Area in the Central Equatorial Pacific

Thomas Kuhn, Carsten Rühlemann and Michael Wiedicke-Hombach

178Physical Properties of Polymetallic Nodules and Deep Sea Sediments, as Determined with Different Analytical Techniques

Ivo Dreiseitl and Roman Bednarek

184Experimental Studies on Rare Metal Collection from Seawater

Naoki Nakazawa, Masao Tamada, Noriaki Seko, Kenta Ooi and Satoshi Akagawa

190Fundamental Study of UV-Fluorescence Sensing System for Seafloor Massive Sulfides

Hirokazu Nagano, Daisuke Okanishi, Naoki Nakatani, Rei Arai and Tetsuo Yamazaki

MINERAL PROCESSING

195Structural and Chemical Transformations of Pyrrhotite and Pentlandite: On the Possibility of Application of High-Power Nanosecond Pulses to Flotation Separation of Sulfide Minerals

Igor Zh. Bunin, Valentine A. Chanturiya, Alexey T. Kovalev, Irina A. Khabarova and Elizaveta V. Koporulina

201Treatment of Metal Wastes with Deep-Sea Manganese Nodules

C.W. Nam and K.H. Park

206Recovery of Molybdenum from the Deep Sea Manganese Nodules

Kyung Ho Park, Pankaj Ku Parhi and Chul Woo Nam

213Nodules and Crust Economics: Relationship Between Cobalt and Nickel Price

Simone Martino and Lindsay M. Parson