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The Proceedings of
The Twenty-second (2012) International

Rhodes, Greece, June 17-22, 2012

VOLUMES 1~4, 2012


ISBN 978-1‑880653‑94-4

(Vols. 1-4 Full Proceedings Set)

ISSN 1098-6189

(Vols. 1-4 Full Proceedings Set)

Indexed by Engineering Index, EI Compendex and Others

International Society of
Offshore and Polar Engineers

The Proceedings of
The Twenty-second (2012) International

Rhodes, Greece, June 17-22, 2012

VOLUME I, 2012


Clean Energy and Clean Coal, Gas Hydrate Fundamentals, Gas Hydrate Development, Gas Hydrate Modeling, Deep Ocean Mining


Wind Turbine Foundation and Structure, Wind Energy – Floating Systems, Dynamics and Analysis, Concepts, and Codes and Design, Offshore Wind Energy Resources and Power, Wave Energy Resources, Wave Energy and Systems, Tidal and Ocean Current Energy, Ocean Thermal  Energy Conversion


Oil Pollution and Water Quality, Physical and Chemical Processes, Water & Sediment Qualities


Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU), FPSO  and LNG Transport, Floating Dynamics, Ocean Systems, Deepwater Design and Installation, Moored Structures


Navigation in Pack Ice, Ice Mechanics, Coastal Arctic Properties, Ice Environment and Forecasting, Ice−Structure Interactions, Operations in Ice, Operations in Ice, Ice Modeling and Operations

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This CD-ROM was created from the author-made PDF files. View quality of the text and graphics and the ease of readability depend largely on the quality and/or consistency of the PDF-making procedure the authors used.

ISBN 978-1‑880653‑94-4

(Vols. 1-4 Full Proceedings Set)

ISSN 1098-6189

(Vols. 1-4 Full Proceedings Set)

Indexed by Engineering Index, EI Compendex and Others

Edited by:

Jin S. Chung, ISOPE, Cupertino, California, USA
Ivar Langen, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
Sa Young Hong, Maritime and Ocean Engineering Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea
Simon J. Prinsenberg, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Canada

Presented at:

The Twenty-second (2012) International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference held in Rhodes, Greece, June 17-22, 2012

Organized by:

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers

Sponsored by:

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE) with cooperating societies and associations

The publisher and the editors of its publications assume no responsibility for the statements or opinions expressed in papers or presentations by the contributors to this conference or proceedings.

International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
P.O. Box 189, Cupertino, California 95015-0189, USA


Clean Energy and Clean Coal

1Supersonic Separators for Natural Gas Processing: Real Gas Effects

Chuang Wen, Xuewen Cao, Yan Yang, Wenlong Li

6An Analytical Model for a Spiral Coil Type Ground Heat Exchanger

SKhan Park, Seung-Rae Lee, Seok Yoon, Gyu-Hyun Go, Jaywan Chung

11A Novel Underwater Horizontal Directional Drilling Platform Base on Coiled Tubing Technology

Xuyang Wang, Tong Ge, Hui Ma

16Advanced Particle Separation with the Concept of Uniflow Cyclone

Jeongseog Oh, Sangil Choi, Gyoung Tae Jin, Jeongguen Kim, Sangho Lee

Gas Hydrate Fundamentals

20Oceanic Gas Hydrates as an Energy Resource

Michael J. Economides, Xiuli Wang, Harold D. Brannon

25Temperature-dependent Raman Spectroscopic Observation for Structural Transformation and Guest Dynamics of Gas Hydrates and Hydroquinone Clathrates

Jeong-Woo Park, Byong-Uk Nam, Byeong-Soo Kim, Sulki An, Ji-Ho Yoon

29Heat Transfer Analysis of Hydrate Packed Bed under Storage and Discharge Conditions

Susumu Tanaka, Masatoshi Sadano

35Safety and Risk analysis of a Natural Gas Hydrate Pellet Carrier

Nina Kaehler, Rainer Hamann

41Effects of Gas Component on Hydrate Equilibrium in Porous Medium

Mingjun Yang, Yongchen Song, Yu Liu, Lanlan Jiang

45Modeling of Gas Hydrate Equilibrium Conditions in Porous Media

Qinglan Ma, Litao Chen, Qiuyan Mu, Guangjin Chen, Changyu Sun, Lanying Yang

Gas Hydrate Development

53New Gas Hydrates Promotors: Spectroscopic Observation and Phase Equilibrium

Hyeyoon Ro, Woongchul Shin, Seongmin Park, Huen Lee

60Bulk Thermal Conductivity of Stable and Dissolved Methane Hydrate-Bearing Zones

Simon Falser, Matilda Loh, Andrew Palmer, Thiam Soon Tan

67Recovery of Methane Intercalated in Natural Gas Hydrate Sediments Using a Carbon Dioxide and Flue Gas Mixture

Hyery Kang, Dong-Yeun Koh, Daeok Kim, Juwoon Park, Minjun Cha, Huen Lee

72Characterization of Hydraulic Permeability of Methane-Hydrate-Bearing Sediment Estimated by T2-Distribution of Proton NMR

Hideki Minagawa, Kosuke Egawa, Yasuhide Sakamoto, Takeshi Komai, Norio Tenma, Hideo Narita

77Frictional Strength between Casing and Cement under Confining Pressure

Masayo Kakumoto, Jun Yoneda, Norio Tenma, Kuniyuki Miyazaki, Kazuo Aoki, Ryuichi Itoi

83Experimental Investigation into the Applicability of Depressurization to Dissociate Methane Hydrate in an Unconsolidated Sedimentary Sample

Taewoong Ahn, Jaehyoung Lee, Joo Yong Lee, Se Joon Kim, Changhyup Park

Gas Hydrate Modeling

87Loading-Rate Dependence of Triaxial Compressive Strength of Artificial Methane-Hydrate-Bearing Sediment Containing Fine Fraction

Kuniyuki Miyazaki, Norio Tenma, Kazuo Aoki, Yasuhide Sakamoto, Tsutomu Yamaguchi

92Influence of CO2 Hydrate on Flow Behavior of Liquid CO2 in Packed Column

Yuji Takagi, Akiko Kaneko, Yutaka Abe, Kenji Yamane

99Multiphase Flow Behavior of Supercritical CO2 in Sandy Sediments - Matching Analysis of Simulation and Experiment for Carbon Storage-

T. Komai, Y. Sakamoto, A. Tanaka

104Preliminary Experiments for Geomechanical Characterization of Sandy Sediment Containing Supercritical CO2

Kuniyuki Miyazaki, Norio Tenma, Yasuhide Sakamoto, Tsutomu Yamaguchi

108Deformation of Stratum after Exploitation of Gas Hydrate

X. B. Lu, X. H. Zhang, L. Lu, M. Zhang, S. Y. Wang

Deep Ocean Mining

112Rare Earth Elements in the Polymetallic Nodules - a New Challenge

Jozef Franzen, Peter Balaz

117A Numerical Model Analysis of Environmental Load for Seafloor Resources Development

Joji Yamamoto, Hideyuki Oka, Yasuharu Nakajima, Shotaro Uto, Sotaro Masamobu

122Robust Optimization of Test Miner Considering Deep-sea Environmental Variables

Tae Hee Lee, Su-gil Cho, Minuk Lee, Woochul Lim, Sanghyun Park, Jong-Su Choi, Hyung-Woo Kim, Sup Hong

130Static and Dynamic Modeling of Miner Track System

Samaila Umaru, Shao-jun Liu, Qing-jue Han, Yu Dai

136Performance Characteristics of Tandem Heat Pump System using Deep Ocean Water

Ho-Saeng Lee, Hyeon-Ju Kim’, Dong-Ho Jung, Seung-Won Lee, Deok-Soo Moon



Wind Turbine Foundation and Structure

143Design of Piles for Offshore Wind Energy Foundations with Respect to Horizontal Loading

Martin Achmus, Khalid Abdel-Rahman

151CPTu-based Geotechnical Site Assessment for Offshore Wind Turbines-a Case Study from the Aarhus Site in Denmark

Sarah Firouzianbandpey, Lars Bo Ibsen, Lars Vabbersgaard Andersen

159Local Scour and Pore-water Pressure around a Monopile Foundation under Combined Waves and Currents

Wengang Qi, Fuping Gao, Xiting Han, Qixian Gong

166Buckling of Bucket Foundations - Sensitivity to Shape Imperfections during Installation

Søren Madsen, Lars Vabbersgaard Andersen, Lars Bo Ibsen

171Design and Installation of Small-Scale Monopod Suction Pile and Tripod Suction Buckets for Offshore Wind Farms

Daejin Kwag, Yeon-Su Choi, Myounghak Oh, OSoon Kwon, Sangchul Bang

177Relative Density of Backfilled Soil Material around Monopiles for Offshore Wind Turbines

Søren Peder Hyldal Sørensen, Lars Bo Ibsen, Peter Frigaard

184Drivability of Large-diameter Piles with Submerged Conical Sections

Gatis Barauskis, Flemming Jakobsen

188Fatigue Analysis of a Tripod Supporting Structure of an Offshore Wind Turbine

Fotini Zacharioudaki-Apelidou, Fotios Dedonakis, Demos C. Angelides

196Modeling Offshore Wind Turbine Substructures Using Engineer Design Data - a Newly Developed Parametric Approach

Mareike Strach, Fabian Vorpahl, Claudio Hillmann, Michael Strobel, Matthias Brommundt

202A Suggestion For The Foundation Type Of Offshore Wind Turbine In The Test Bed On The Basis Of Economic And Constructibility Analysis

Moo Sung Ryu, Keum Seok Kang, Jun Shin Lee

207Study on a New Methodology Proposed to Install a Monopile

Arunjyoti Sarkar, Ove T. Gudmestad

214A Design of Windmill Turbine Installation Vessel Using Jack-Up system

Young-Kwan Kim, Jang-Ryong Shin, Do-Yoon Yoon

Wind Energy – Floating Systems

220Mooring Effects on Dynamic Behavior of Sub-structure for Floating-type Offshore Wind Turbine System

Chang Yong Song, Chang-Il Moon, Ju-Hwan Cha

227Experimental Study on a Single-point-mooring Floating Structure

Chai-Cheng Huang, Ming-Feng Lee

232Load Reductions and Optimizations on Tension-Leg-Buoy Offshore Wind Turbine Platforms

Anders Myhr, Tor Anders Nygaard

240Linear and Nonlinear Analysis of Tension Leg Platform Wind Turbines

Erin E. Bachynski, Torgeir Moan

248Yaw Moments of a Three-axis Wind Turbine with Yaw Error

Tania Bracchi, Per-Åge Krogstad

255The Wind-Wave Tunnel Test of a New Offshore Floating Wind Turbine with Combined Tension Leg-Mooring Line System

Nianxin Ren, Yugang Li, Jinping Ou

262Steady State Response of a Parked Spar-type Wind Turbine Considering Blade Pitch Mechanism Fault

Zhiyu Jiang, Madjid Karimirad, Torgeir Moan

273Effect of Mooring Line Modelling on Motions and Structural Fatigue Damage for a Semisubmersible Wind Turbine

Marit Irene Kvittem, Torgeir Moan

279Time Domain Analysis of the Spar-Type Floating Offshore Platform for Various Platform Geometries and Mooring Points

Jinyong Go, Sungkyun Lee, Dongjin Kim, Youngjun You, Keypyo Rhee

287Model Test of a Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Moored by a Spring-tensioned-leg

Hyunkyoung Shin, Pham Thanh Dam

292Experimental Validation for Motion of SPAR-type Floating Wind Turbine at Inclination with Effect of Gyro Moment of the Rotating Blade of Windmill

Md. Nur-E-Mostafa, Motohiko Murai, Ryuji Nishimura, Osamu Fujita, Yasunori Nihei

Wind Energy − Dynamics and Analysis

300Natural Frequency and Damping Estimation of an Offshore Wind Turbine Structure

Mads Damgaard, Jacob K. F. Andersen, Lars Bo Ibsen, Lars V. Andersen

308Dynamic Analysis of Fixed Bottom Offshore Wind Turbines

Amfilochios G. Throumoulopoulos, Eva Loukogeorgaki, Aristarchos C. Dimitriou, Demos C. Angelides

316Effect of Non-linear Wave Forces on Dynamic Response of Floating Offshore Wind Turbine

Sudhir Jagdale, Q. W. Ma

324Effects of Tower Elasticity and Aero-Loading in Aero-Elastic-Control-Floater-Mooring Coupled Dynamic Analysis for a TLP-type FOWT

Y.H. Bae, M.H. Kim, S.W. Im

330The Effect of Atmospheric Stability on the Fatigue Life of Offshore Wind Turbines

Lene Eliassen, Jasna B. Jakobsen, Charlotte Obhrai

337Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration Continuation (OC4), Phase I - Results of Coupled Simulations of an Offshore Wind Turbine with Jacket Support Structure

Wojciech Popko, Fabian Vorpahl, Adam Zuga, Martin Kohlmeier, Jason Jonkman, Amy Robertson, Torben J. Larsen, Anders Yde, Kristian Sætertrø, Knut M. Okstad, James Nichols, Tor A. Nygaard, Zhen Gao, Dimitris Manolas, Kunho Kim, Qing Yu, Wei Shi, Hyunchul Park, Andrés Vásquez-Rojas, Jan Dubois, Daniel Kaufer, Paul Thomassen, Marten J. de Ruiter, Johan M. Peeringa, Huang Zhiwen, Heike von Waaden

347A Numerical Tool for the Integrated Analysis of Fixed-Bottom Offshore Wind Turbines

Eva Loukogeorgaki, Demos C. Angelides, Carlos Llorente

355FAST Code Verification of Scaling Laws for DeepCwind Floating Wind System Tests

Anant Jain, Amy N. Robertson, Jason M. Jonkman, Andrew J. Goupee, Richard W. Kimball, Andrew H. P. Swift

366Global Analysis of Floating Wind Turbines: Code Development, Model Sensitivity and Benchmark Study

Harald Ormberg, Erin E. Bachynski

374A Novel Tool for FEM Analysis of OffshoreWind TurbinesWith Innovative Visualization Techniques

Paul E. Thomassen, Per Ivar Bruheim, Loup Suja, Lars Frøyd

380Calibration and Validation of a FAST Floating Wind Turbine Model of the DeepCwind Scaled Tension-Leg Platform

Gordon M. Stewart, Matthew A. Lackner, Amy Robertson, Jason Jonkman, Anrew J. Goupee

Wind Energy − Concepts

388Lift of a Rotating Circular Cylinder in Unsteady Flows

Stefan Carstensen, Xerxes Mandviwalla, Luca Vita, Uwe Schmidt Paulsen

396Tension Leg Wind Turbine (TLWT) Conceptual Design Suitable for a Wide Range of Water Depths

Robert W. Copple, Cuneyt Capanoglu

404Intelligent Wind Power Unit with Tandem Rotors Applicable to Offshore Wind Farm: Flow and Performance Simulations of Tandem Wind Rotors

Yuta Usui, Toshiaki Kanemoto

411Design and Analysis of a Box Floater with Damping Plates for Floating Wind Turbine Platform

Sa Young Hong, Jin Ha Kim, Seok Won Hong, Hyun Joe Kim

417Modeling of Tower Influence for a Full-height Truss Tower Wind Turbine with the Source Panel Method

Ludwig Krause, Michael Muskulus

423Scalable and Customer-Oriented Life Cycle Costing Model: A case study of an Innovative Vertical axis wind turbine concept (Case-VAWT)

Idriss El-Thalji, Jayantha P. Liyanage, Magnar Hjøllo

Wind Energy − Codes and Design

426State-of-the-art Comparison of Standards in Terms of Dominant Sea Ice Loads for Offshore Wind Turbine Support Structures in the Baltic Sea

Wojciech Popko, Jaakko Heinonen, Sebastian Hetmanczyk, Fabian Vorpahl

434Grouted Connections - Offshore Standards Driven by the Wind Industry

Marcus Klose, Marc Mittelstaedt, Amol Mulve

440A Review of Current Guidelines and Research on Wind Modelling for the Design of Offshore Wind Turbines

Charlotte Obhrai, Siri Kalvig, Ove Tobias Gudmestad

451Identification and Evaluation of RAMS+I Factors Affecting the Value-Added by Different Offshore Wind Turbine Concepts in Nordic Context

Risto Tiusanen, Jere Jännes, Jayantha P. Liyanage

Offshore Wind Energy Resources and Power

458FiT and the Development of Offshore Wind Energy in Taiwan

Kun-Jung Hsu

463Validation of a Markov-based Weather Model for Simulation of O&M for Offshore Wind Farms

Matti Niclas Scheu, Denis Matha, Michael Muskulus

469Generic Hurricane Extreme Seas State: An Engineering Approach

Christof Wehmeyer, Jesper Skourup, Peter Bak Frigaard

480Aerodynamic Inflow Conditions on Floating Offshore Wind Turbine Blades for Airfoil Design Purposes

Denis Matha, Fabian Wendt, Manuel Werner, Po Wen Cheng, Thorsten Lutz

489Stability Analysis of Four Parallel-Operated DFIG-based Offshore Wind Farms Fed to a Large Power Grid Through a VSC-HVDC Link

Li Wang, Mi Sa - Nguyen Thi

496Gain Scheduling for Output ℋ Control of Offshore Wind Turbine

Tore Bakka, Hamid R. Karimi, Neil A. Duffie

502Approach of a Port Inventory Control System for the Offshore Installation of Wind Turbines

Michael Lütjen, Hamid Reza Karimi

Wave Energy Resources

509Investigation of Wave Transmission from a Floating Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converter

Jørgen Harck Nørgaard, Thomas Lykke Andersen

517Estimation of Wave Conditions along a New Breakwater for the Hanstholm Harbour Using the Numerical Model MILDwave

Vasiliki Stratigaki, Peter Troch, Lucia Margheritini, Jens Peter Kofoed

525Wind and Wave Potential in Offshore Locations of the Greek Seas

Takvor Soukissian, Nikol Gizari, Dimitris Fytilis, Anastasios. Papadopoulos, Gerassimos Korres, Aristides Prospathopoulos

5333D Numerical Simulation of LMMHD for Wave Energy Conversion

Yuzhen Hu, Yan Peng, Chong Ye

538The Force of a Tsunami on a Wave Energy Converter

Laura O'Brien, Paul Christodoulides, Emiliano Renzi, Denys Dutykh, Frédéric Dias

545Effect of Viscous Forces on the Performance of a Surging Wave Energy Converter

Majid A. Bhinder, Aurélien Babarit, Lionel Gentaz, Pierre Ferrant

550Hydrodynamic Loading on a Bottom Hinged Oscillating Wave Surge Converter

P. Schmitt, S. Bourdier, D. Sarkar, E. Renzi, F. Dias, K. Doherty, T. Whittaker, J. van 't Hoff

Wave Energy and Systems

558Floating Type Ocean Wave Power Station at Various Wave Circumstances

Shun Okamoto, Tatsuya Kinoshita, Toshiaki Kanemoto

564Preliminary Concept Study on Converting Wave Energy by a Low Frequency Large Amplitude Oscillating Floater

Guojian Chen, Longfei Xiao, Xin Li

572Water Spider Wave Power Device: Conceptual Study

Lin-Jian Wu, Yi Li, Dong-Sheng He, Shi-Liang Zhou, Wu Gao, Xue-Qin Zheng

576Numerical Analysis of a Fixed-type Oscillating Water Column with Irregular Waves

Weoncheol Koo, Moo-Hyun Kim

582Effects of Wave Direction on Performance of Oscillating Water Column type Wave Energy Convertor

Jiyuan Jin, Zhen Liu, Beom-Soo Hyun, Keyyong Hong

588An Alternative Approach to Match the Turbine to the Characteristics of an OWC Wave Power Plant

F. Castro, B. Pereiras, M. Rodríguez, I. Lopez, G. Iglesias, P. Valdez

593Geometry Optimization of an Overtopping Wave Energy Device Implemented into the New Breakwater of the Hanstholm Port Expansion

Lucia Margheritini, Vasiliki Stratigaki, Peter Troch

601A study on the Wave Response and Efficiency of a Pendulum Wave Energy Converter

J.Y. Park, S.H. Shin, K.Y. Hong and, S.H. Kim

607Prediction of the Hydrodynamic Performance of the Floating Pendulum Wave Energy Converter in Regular and Irregular Waves

Bo Woo Nam, Sa Young Hong, Seung Ho Shin, Seok Won Hong, Ki Bum Kim

613The Heave and Pitch Power Output of a Vertical Cylindrical Wave Energy Converter in Finite-Depth Water

Mohamed Hariri Nokob, Dick K.-P. Yue

621Wave Power Absorption of a Vertical Cylinder Heaving about a Pole in Finite Depth Water

Mohamed Hariri Nokob

628A Case Study of Short-term Wave Forecasting Based on FIR Filter: Optimization of the Power Production for the Wavestar Device

Francesco Ferri, Mahdi T. Sichani, Peter Frigaard

636Multi Objective Optimization Performance of a Floating Flexible System

Constantine Michailides, Demos C. Angelides

644How Experiences of the Offshore Wind Industry Can Aid Development of the Wave Energy Sector: Lessons Learnt from EIA Studies

D. Magagna, D. Greaves, D. Conley, A.M. O'Hagan, B. Holmes, M. Witt, T. Simas, C. Huertas Olivares, J. Chambel Leitão, H. Mouslim, Y. Torre-Enciso, J. Sundberg, N. Rousseau

652Use of a Rectangular Liquid-Filled Bottom-Mounted Distensible Device to Harness Nearshore Wave Power

Nicolas Choplain, John R. Chaplin

659Experimental Study Seeking Optimal Geometry of a Heaving Body for Improved Power Absorption Efficiency

Rachael Hager, Nelson Fernandez, Michelle H. Teng

663Hydrodynamic Loading on an Array of Oscillating Wave Surge Converters in Random Seas

Emiliano Renzi, Laura O'Brien, Frédéric Dias

669Is Biofouling a Critical Issue for Wave Energy Converters?

R. Tiron, C. Pinck, E. G. Reynaud, F. Dias

Tidal and Ocean Current Energy

680Fundamental Study on Tidal Currents in Obatake Seto from the Viewpoint of Tidal Energy Generation

Kenji Sasa, Seiji Shimizu, Masayuki Fujii, Eishi Koga

688Preliminary Numerical Estimates on Tidal Stream Energy Resources of the Coastal Areas of Shandong Peninsula

Bingchen Liang, Lili Yang, Hongda Shi

695A Numerical Wave Channel for the Design of Offshore Structures with Consideration of Wave-Current Interaction

D. Markus, M. Hojjat, R. Wüchner, K.-U. Bletzinger

703Evaluation of URANS Solvers for Cylindrical Structures in Tidal Flow

Robert Matthew Stringer, Jun Zang

709Optimal Heat Transfer Design of an Ocean Turbine Pressure Vessel using Soft Computing

Nikolaos I. Xiros, Khaled Kaiser

717Experimental Study on Hydraulic Conversion Efficiency of Oscillating Buoy Wave Energy Converter

Haigui Kang, Wei Guo, Bing Chen, Yindong Zhang, Yu Xie

721Efficiency Test of Multi-layer Vertical Axis Tidal Current Turbine

Kwang-Oh Ko, Chang-Beom Park, Yonguk Ryu, Chul Hee Jo

725Demonstrative Power Generation by Twin-Runner Darrieus Turbine in Kanmon Strait

Koju Hiraki, Ryo Wakita, Toshiaki Kanemeoto, Ryoich Yagami, Manabu Takao

730Flow Control for VATT by Fixed and Oscillating Flap

Wendi Liu, Qing Xiao

738A Numerical Study of Darrieus Water Turbine

Ion Paraschivoiu, Norbert V. Dy

745A Numerical Investigation into Tidal Stream Turbine Wake Dynamics and Device Performance in Non-Uniform Flows

Rami Malki, Ian Masters, Alison J. Williams, T. N. Croft

751Performance Prediction and Structural Integrity Assessment of 50-kW Tidal Turbine Using Unidirectional FSI Method

Bum-suk Kim, Sung-youl Bae, Mi-kum Kim, Woo-june Kim, Sang-lae Lee

757Numerical Investigation on the Performance of 1-MW Class Tidal Current Horizontal Axis Turbines

Moon-Chan Kim, In-Rok Do, Shin Hyung Rhee, Ju Hyun Lee, Beom-Soo Hyun, Mu Seok Song

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

763Feasibility Study on the Commercial Plant of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC-K50)

Hyeon-Ju Kim, Ho-Saeng Lee, Young-Kwon Jung, Dong-Ho Jung, Deok-Soo Moon, Seok-Won Hong

769Research on Double Stage-Rankine Cycle for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion using Ammonia as Working Fluid

Yasuyuki Ikegami, Takafumi Morisaki

776Research on Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion using HFC245fa as Working Fluid

Takafumi Morisaki, Yasuyuki Ikegami


Oil Pollution and Water Quality

783Lattice Boltzmann Simulation for the Prediction of Oil Slick Movement and Spread in Ocean Environment

Sol Ha, Namkug Ku, Kyu-Yeul Lee

789Assessment of Ship's Emissions Using Recovery Systems

Sreedhar K.V., Sarim Al-Zubaidy

Physical and Chemical Processes

795Naturally Grown Ag Nanoparticle SERS Substrate as Chemical Sensor in Water Body Applying a 488 nm Microsystem Diode Laser

Yong-Hyok Kwon, Anna Kolomijeca, Robert Ossig, Frank Hubenthal, Heinz-Detlef Kronfeldt

801Tidal Simulation in Loch Linnhe Using a Finite Volume Shallow Flow Model

Yassir Al-Bourae; Qiuhua Liang, Martin Downie

808Enhanced Data Fusion Protocol for Surface and Subsurface Imaging of Released Oil in Littoral Zones

Charles R. Bostater, Jr., Heather Frystacky, Florian Levaux

815Numerical Study on Pollutant Transport in Long-Narrow Waters - Xiangshan Bay, China

Jing Xie, Zhaochen Sun, Shuxiu Liang, Yifei Zhang, Bogen Li

Water and Sediment Qualities

821Water and TP Budgets Analysis Including Submarine Groundwater Near the Intertidal Zone

Mitsuru Hayashi, Makoto Taniguchi, Tomoyasu Fujii, Yu Umezawa, Shinichi Onodera

826Purification Experiments of Ocean Sludge by Activating Microorganisms by Using Detergent Including Enzyme as the Activator

Kyoichi Okamoto, Kenji Hotta, Takeshi Toyama, Hideki Kohno

832Numerical Diagnostic Study on Dominant Species Succession Mechanism during HAB in the High Frequent HAB Occurrence Area in the East China Sea

Qing Wang, Liangsheng Zhu, Jinpeng Hu

836Modeling of Light Intensity and Phytoplankton Dynamics in Tokyo Bay Using Monitoring Dataset

Morteza Jedari Attari, Jun Sasaki


Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU), FPSO and LNG Transport

842Study on Wave Diffraction from a 3D Box in a Two-layer Fluid by Time-domain Approach

Ying Gou, Xinjia Chen, Bin Teng, Yanna Zheng

848Numerical Simulation of Impact Loads by Sloshing in a 3-D Rectangular Tank Using Eulerian and Lagrangian Approaches

Se-min Jeong, Sung-Chul Hwang, Jung-Woo Nam, Jong-Chun Park

855Experimental Study on the Side-by-Side Offloading Operation of FSRU and LNGC

Seok Kyu Cho, Hong Gun Sung, Sa Young Hong, Seok Won Hong, Yong Su Kim, Moon Keun Ha, Young Dal Choi, Byoung Suk Yu, Rae Dae Jang

863Numerical Study on the Motion and Drift Forces of Side-by-Side Moored FSRU and LNGC Containing Sloshing

Seok Kyu Cho, Hong Gun Sung, Bo Woo Nam, Hang Shoon Choi

869Fatigue Life Assessment of FSRU Mooring System

Byoung Wan Kim, Sa Young Hong, Hong Gun Sung, Seok Won Hong

875An Experimental Study on the Response of FSRU in Shallow Water in Comparison of Mooring Systems

Young-Shik Kim, Hong-Gun Sung, Jin-Ha Kim, Sa-Young Hong, Jang-Pyo Hong

881The Use of Bayesian Networks in Reliability Analysis of the LNG Regasification System on a FSRU under Different Scenarios

Adriana Miralles Schleder, Marcelo Ramos Martins, Mohammad Modarres

889Development of 270k cbm LNG-FSRU Operator Training System

Jae Ik Lee, Won Jae Choi, Ga Ram Lim

895Behavior of Suction Anchor for Horizontal Load from Catenary Line in Cohesionless Soils

Yun Wook Choo, Surin Kim, Hoyoung Choi, Jae-Hyun Kim, Dong-Soo Kim, Dong-Joon Kim

901Final Acceptance Test on Advanced Ship Maneuvering and Mooring Support System at Ship-to-ship Transfer Operations by Fender Monitoring System of Pneumatic Fenders

Shu Yamada, Shigeki Sakakibara, Masahiko Miyamoto, Koji Nakatani

909Viscous Flow Calculations around Transverse Sections of a Floating LNG Storage Terminal in Heave and Roll Motions

G. Tzabiras, G.M. Katsaounis, V. Papakonstantinou, S.A. Mavrakos

917Conceptual Design of LNG FSRU Topside Regasification Plant

Youngsoon Sohn, Seogsoon Kim, Insoo Yoon

921Improvement Method on Offloading Operability of Side-by-side Moored FLNG

M. S. Kim, H. S. Jeong, H. W. Kwak, B. W. Kim, J. K. Eom

927Optimal Synthesis of LNG FPSO Liquefaction Cycles

Jihyun Hwang, Namkuk Ku, Joon-Chae Lee, Myung-Il Roh, Kyu-yeul Lee

936Analysis of Flow and Thermal Characteristics of Leaked LNG in Glass Wool for the Mark 3 CCS

Sung Woong Choi. Sung Ha Kim, Jeung U Rho, Woo Il Lee

946Springing Responses and Springing Effects on Design Bending Moments of a Large Container Ship

Zhenhong Wang, Yongwon Lee, Nigel White, Stuart Fletcher, Jimmy Tong

954The Study on Natural Gas Liquefaction Cycle Development for LNG-FPSO

Sanggyu Lee, Kunhyung Choe, Chulgu Lee, Young-myung Yang

Floating Dynamics

959Optimized Design of Equivalent Truncated Mooring System Based on Similarity of Static and Damping Characteristics

Tianhui Fan, Dongsheng Qiao, Jinping Ou

967Hydro-elastic Dynamic Analysis of Large-scale Flexible Offshore Platforms

H.Y. Kang, M.H. Kim, M.K. Kim, J.Y. Cho

975A New Concept of Spar in Deep Water and Its Hydrodynamic Performance under Internal Wave

Mingyuan Sun, Weiping Huang

983A Simplified Method for Predicting Global Motion of Moored Semi-submersible Platforms

Junrong Wang, Bin Xie

989Prediction of the Motion Responses of a Truss Spar Platform in South China Sea by Applying the Hybrid Model Testing Technique

Haining Lu, Longfei Xiao, Xin Li, Wenhui Xie

996Dynamics of FPSO with Polyester Mooring Lines

Ivan Ćatipović, Većeslav Čorić, Vuko Vukčević

1004Fully Coupled Nonlinear Dynamic Response of Spar Platform under Random Loads

Mohammed Jameel, Suhail Ahmad, M. Khaleel, A.B.M. Saiful Islam

Ocean Systems

1012A New Concept of a Deepwater Tumbler Platform

Bin Xie, Wenhui Xie, Zhe Jiang

1018Introduction of the Structural Analysis Methodology for Platform Installation/Removal and Pipe Lay Vessel

Teuk Jin Koh, Dong Kwon Lee, Je Hyouk Woo

1025Submersible Ocean Observation Buoy System Designed to Withstand Under Severe Sea Conditions

Masahiko Nakamura, Wataru Koterayama, Shinya Masuda, Shin Miyabe, Hiroshi Aso

1033Building Submarine Seismic Detection System

Shang-Hsueh Yu, Po-Chi Chen, Jia-Pu Jang, Chau-Chang Wang, Ban-Yuan Kuo

1037Study of Salt-tolerable Latex Cement Slurries

Jianguo Zeng, Fuquan Sun, Pengxiao Li, Aiping Liu, Yonghui Gao

1041An Analytical Method for the Development Mode of Deepwater Oil and Gas Fields

Zhigang Li, Menglan Duan, Yingying Wang, Yanhui Dong, Ning He

1048The Analysis of Approaches for the Cost Estimation and Pricing Methods for the Ocean Engineering Facilities Design Works

Maria S. Korableva

1055Coupled Hydrodynamic Analysis between Gravity Cage and Well Boat in Operation

Huirong Jia, Torgeir Moan, Østen Jensen

1063FEA of Structural Connection via Swaging Process

Bob Zhang, Ken Chang, Inge Solberg, Richard-Scott Miller, Thomas Moran

1071Strategic Development of Offshore Oil Production in Katakolo of Greece under Multiple Criteria Considerations

Athanasios Vamvinis, Demos C. Angelides, Constantinos Nikolaou, Dimitra Vagiona

Deepwater Design and Installation

1079Latest Progress in Deepwater Installation Technologies

Alan Wang, Yun Yang, Shaohua Zhu, Huailiang Li, Jingkuo Xu, Min He

1091Design Considerations of Leg Mating Units for Floatover Installations

Ruhua Yuan, Alan M. Wang, Huailiang Li, Licheng Qin, Jingkuo Xu, Min He

1099Design Selection Analysis for Mooring Positioning System of Deepwater Semi-submersible Platform

Dongsheng Qiao, Jinping Ou, Fei Wu

1107Deepwater Well Drilled by Two MODU in Black Sea, Turkey

Recep Atalay, Selin Kirbiyik Pamir, Baris Özcan

1113Modal Parameters Identification of Offshore Platform Using HHT Method

Junfei Liu, Shumin Li, Zhengrong Song, Lixia Li, Chaoyan Chen

1119Application of Hamilton-Dirichlet's Principle to Analysis of Hydroelastic Behavior of an Elastic Floating Plate of Arbitrary Plan Geometry in Waves

Shuichi Nagata, Kazutaka Toyota, Yasutaka Imai, Hideyuki Niizato, Hiroshi Isshiki

1127Investigation of the Accuracy of "Time Snapshot" Based Structural Analysis and Design of Jacket Type Platforms

George E. Farmakis, Demos C. Angelides

1135A Case Study of LNG Unloading Arm Installation at Kochi Seashore

Pushp Khetarpal, Jing-Wen Chen, Fu-Cheng Chen, Philip Mathews

1142Dynamic Fatigue Assessment of Fixed Offshore Platform

Azin Azarhoushang, Hamid Nikraz

Moored Structures

1148Mooring Analysis of Ultra Large Floating System

Jianhui Liu, Wenjun Zhong, Hengyi Zeng, Keli Shen

1156Effects of Mooring Line Failure on the Wave Frequency Responses of Truss Spar Platforms

M. A. W. Mohamed, O. A. Montasir, V. J. Kurian, M. S. Liew

1164Hydrodynamic Evaluation for Spar Platform Subjected to Mooring Line Failure

Aichun Feng, Zhimin Chen, Yunxiang You, Jing Tan Xing

1170A Study on SPM Mooring System for Side-By-Side Two Vessels

Zhi Zhang, M.H.Kim, H.Y. Kang, Yao Zong, J.F. Wu


Navigation in Pack Ice

1178Technical and Operational Development of Icebreaking Ships

Göran Wilhelm Wilkman

1188Ships Breaking through Sea Ice Ridges

Daniela Ehle

1194Safety Assessment of Membrane Type Cargo Containment Systems in LNG Carrier under the Ice-Ship Repeated Impact

Jaehyun Kim, Doehyun Kim, Hacheol Song

1202Development of the Arctic Fleet in the Russian Federation

V. I. Pavlenko, E. K. Glukhareva, S.Yu.Kutsenko

1208Realistic Moving Ice Loads and Ship Structural Response

Bruce W.T. Quinton, Claude G. Daley, Robert E. Gagnon

1215Simulation of Ice Loads on Ship Hull

Vladimir Tryaskin, Vladimir Yakimov, Pierre Besse

1223Features of Ship Vibration in Ice Operation Conditions

Isay M. Belov, Nikolay N. Spiridonov

Ice Mechanics

1229Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics Applied to Compressive Ice Failure

Rocky S. Taylor, Ian J. Jordaan

1236Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Specific Energy of Mechanical Failure of Sea Ice

V.G. Tsuprik

1243A Model of Ice Friction for an Inclined Incising Slider

Edward P Lozowski, Krzysztof Szilder, Sean Maw

1252Challenges in Determining Ice Action on Offshore Structure

Lev B. Blagovidov, Iryna L. Blagovidova, Igor Yu. Bardin, Evgeny B. Karulin, Marina M. Karulina

1258Concrete Destructure due to Ice-Indentation Pore Pressure

Stefan Jacobsen, Lev V. Kim, Egor E. Pomnikov

Coastal Arctic Properties

1264Field Measurements of the Material Properties of Sea Ice at Chukchi Borderland

Seong-Yeob Jeong, Seong Rak Cho

1270Structural Reliability Approach to Design of Buried Pipeline Routes at Ice Actions for "Sakhalin-II" Project

Alexander T. Bekker, Olga A. Sabodash

1275Evaluation of the Applicability of Active Air-cooled Thermal Pile to a Site in Antarctica

Jaemo Kang, Jangguen Lee, YoungSeok Kim, SeungSeo Hong

1280Bounds on Iceberg Motions During Contact With Subsea Equipment and the Seabed

Elizabeth A. Drover, Shawn P. Kenny

1287Advanced Continuum Modeling of the Ice Gouge Process: Assessment of Keel Shape Effect and Geotechnical Data

Kenton Patrick Pike, Shawn Patrick Kenny

1293Numerical Analysis of Rapid Gas Decompression from a Pipeline in Different Natural Gas Mixtures under Low Temperature Conditions and Water Presence in a Pipe

Evgeniy Burlutskiy

1300Reducing the cost of protecting Arctic marine pipelines against ice gouging

Andrew Clennel Palmer, Chan Ying Tung

1304Assessment of Ice-Soil Interactions: Continuum Modeling in Clays

Christopher P. A. Rossiter, Shawn P. Kenny

Ice Environment and Forecasting

1312Study on Wave Resistance of a Submarine Moving Under an Ice Sheet

V. M. Kozin, V. L. Zemlyak

1315Interannual Changes in Sea Ice Coverage on the Northwest Passage Obtained by Satellite Microwave Data

Hiroki Shibata, Koh Izumiyama, Kazutaka Tateyama, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Shuhei Takahashi

1323Better Operational Forecasting for the Contemporary Arctic via Ocean Wave Integration

Vernon A. Squire, Timothy D. Williams, Luke G. Bennetts

1331Ice Property Variability of the Pack Ice off the Labrador Coast, Canada

Prinsenberg, S.J., I.K. Peterson, J.S. Holladay, L. Lalumiere

Ice−Structure Interactions

1338Feasibility Study of an Unmanned Floating Moored Buoy Located in the Svalbard Archipelago for Monitoring of Ice Induced Responses and Ice Conditions Simultaneously

Per Kristian Bruun, Arne Gürtner

1348Platform Design for Arctic Shallow Waters

Borys R. Livshyts, Victor F. Lenskiy, Danilo Y. Nesin

1353Failure Modes Analyses of Ice-Resist Jacket Platforms in Bohai Sea

Dayong Zhang, Qianjin Yue, Yanlin Wang, Yanan Huang

1358Seasonal Variations in the Occurrence of Ice Induced Vibration of a Bottom Fixed Structure

Morten Bjerkås, Christian Lønøy, Arne Gürtner

Operations in Ice

1365On Full-scale Onboard Ship Measurements in Various Ice Conditions, a Review of Existing Database at Aker Arctic Technology

Göran Wilkman, Erkki Ranki, Topi Leiviskä, Teemu Heinonen

1373An Integrated Ice Management Alert System

Adel H. Younan, Jed M. Hamilton, Victor Y. Garas-Yanni, Joshua Blunt, Curtis J. Holub, Ted Kokkinis

1380Study of Operational Characteristics for an All Year Intervention Vessel for the Barents Sea

Tor Einar Berg, Bjørn Ola Berge, Henning Borgen, Saara Hänninen

Ice Modeling and Operations

1386Probabilistic Modeling of Ice Environment from Lighthouses Zone in the Gulf of Bothnia

Alexander T. Bekker, Olga A. Sabodash, Roman G. Kovalenko, Dmitrii S. Rusakov

1393Effect of Bottom Slope on the Wave Resistance of an Air-Cushion Vehicle in Unsteady Motion over an Ice Sheet

Alexandra V. Pogorelova

1398A Portable Surface Enhanced Raman (SERS) Sensor System Applied for Seawater and Sediment Investigations on an Arctic Sea-trial

Anna Kolomijeca, Yong-Hyok Kwon, Heinz-Detlef Kronfeldt

1403Technique for Determining the Architectural Type and Main Dimensions of Floating Drilling Unit for Drilling Exploration Wells in the Russian Arctic Shallow Water Conditions

Dina F. Khalikova

1410Environment Safety of Oil Resources Exploitation in Offshore Russian Arctic Regions

V. I. Pavlenko, E. K. Glukhareva, S.Yu.Kutsenko